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Banning Private Prisons—and Prisoner Exploitation - The American ...

Prisons are made to house those who have broken the law and to remove them from a totally free society. Inmates are locked out for a predetermined period of time and have quite limited freedoms during their incarceration. While each prison serves the same basic purpose, there are many different kinds of prisons.

Juvenile

A person under the age of 18 is considered a juvenile. Anyone who is not of legal age is never locked up in a general prison with adults. They are rather placed in a facility that is designed solely for juveniles.

Minimum safety prisons are usually reserved for white collar criminals who have committed acts like embezzlement or fraud. Though these are serious crimes, they are non-violent in nature and therefore the perpetrators are not regarded as a risk for violence. These perpetrators are sent to facilities offering a dormitory-type living surroundings, fewer guards, and even more personal freedoms.
Moderate security prisons would be the conventional facilities used to house most criminals. They feature cage-style home, armed guards, and a far more regimented daily routine compared to minimum safety.

High security prisons are earmarked for the most violent and dangerous offenders. These prisons include far more guards than both medium and minimum security, and hardly any freedom. Each individual restricted to such a prison is regarded as a high-risk individual.

Psychiatric

Law-breakers that are deemed to be mentally unfit are sent to psychiatric prisons that are designed with resemblances to hospitals. Once there, the offenders, or even patients, get psychiatric help for their mental illnesses. Just like with any prison which pursues methods of rehabilitation, psychiatric prisons are intended to attempt to help people instead of simply confining them as a way of punishment.

Military

Every branch of the army has its own prison facilities that are used specifically for military personnel who have violated laws that impact national security or to house prisoners of war. The treatment of these prisoners has become a topic of much debate recently, along with also the definition of torture for enemy combatants has become a contentious and frequently discussed subject.

Federal v State

If the offense that the prisoner committed is national, they will likely end up in prison. The exclusion is violent crimes, which are usually taken care of by country prisons. The federal prison system was launched with the Three Prisons Act of 1891. State prisons are more numerous than federal prisons. Since incarceration became the normal form of punishment in the US, states started creating their own similar but unique prison systems. Each state determines how its correctional system will operate.

The main difference besides offense involving federal and state prison is the amount of time served of a sentence. Federal prisons prohibit parole, or so the amount of time served is significantly greater than the average time served in state prison. You can also check out  find a prisoner 

Jail v Prison

Jail is a locally-operated, short term facility in which as prison is a state or federally operated, long term center. Jails are primarily employed for detaining inmates awaiting trial or sentencing. They can also house inmates who have been sentenced for under a year. This will be different depending upon the condition. Prisons are long term facilities used after sentencing, in which felons and inmates are housed for more than a year. In six countries there is an integrated corrections system of jails and prisons.

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